In a divorce, tracking down and then dividing Bitcoin can be tricky. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have gained lots of attention recently. Its value has recently escalated and just eclipsed an all-time high of almost $49,000 a coin. High profile investors such as Tesla (1.5 billion investment!) and Carolina Panthers player, Russell Okung (converted half of his $13 million salary to Bitcoin) have ratcheted up the buzz. It is becoming mainstream. Cryptocurrency can be cashed out, but it is not a physical asset. This means that dividing it in a divorce can be challenging. Here is what you need to know:
Bitcoin is technically a digital cash system that emerged from a pseudonymous developer named “Satoshi Nakamoto” in 2009. Interestingly, the real identity of this person (or persons) is still unknown. Nevertheless, Bitcoin has increased its audience across a broad spectrum. Bitcoin works through a decentralized, public, digital accounting ledger called the “Blockchain.” In a nutshell, the blockchain accounts for all transactions people make using Bitcoin, It is hosted by people who lend computing power to the network by running Bitcoin protocol in return for newly minted Bitcoins, which can then be sold or invested. Importantly, this entire process is decentralized meaning that it is easy to spend money anonymously and internationally.
Yes! Literally thousands. The more popular ones include Ethereum, Litecoin, XRP, Stellar, and Dogecoin. Every cryptocurrency (“alt-coin”) operates differently. But Bitcoin is still king – it remains by far the most widely adopted and lucrative currency.
Investing in cryptocurrency is similar to buying any other investment. The difference is that you have to participate in the Bitcoin network, There are a variety of U.S. and internationally based cryptocurrency exchanges that operate like the stock market where people can buy online. Some popular exchanges include Binance, Coinbase Pro, Gemini, and Bittrex. Additionally, there are some services that operate like a brokerage firm that simplify this process. Coinbase is the most popular of these brokerage services. It allows clients to purchase cryptocurrency directly from them for a small fee. It will provide direct storage services similar to a bank and it is regulated by the U.S. government.
There are lots of ways. Popular options include virtual wallets, which are stored on a computer or smartphone; or hardware wallets, which operate as a kind of special hard drive and stores cryptocurrency offline.
The IRS considers it an asset. So in a divorce it is divided up similarly to things like gold, or airline miles.
Bitcoin can be hard to track, but it is possible. Check bank statements for withdrawals to Coinbase. If you have your spouse’s Coinbase log-in information, you can check there. You can also subpoena Coinbase. If your spouse sold any Bitcoin, it should appear on your tax return under Form 8949. Unfortunately, the kicker is if Bitcoin was bought in a “less regulated” manner, it can be almost impossible to track.
In Arizona you are entitled to an equitable (it usually means equal) division of assets based on their current value. However, check with your legal advisor.
This post is intended to just highlight some information about cryptocurrencies and is not intended to substitute for professional tax or accounting advice. McCarthy Family Law is not a tax or accounting firm. Please check with your tax advisor or legal advisor regarding your specific situation.
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